Transplantation, especially in kidney type, are procedures that have been doing it for a long time. In the year of 1933, a Russian named Voronoy, performed the first kidney transplant, a young woman in a coma, with a kidney of a 60 year old man. The organs that are transplanted, worked for the first two days, but after this time, the patient died. In the year of 1949, the Russian doctor reported other five from a preserved cadaver kidney transplants, however, success was null. It was until the year of 1947, when in Boston, carried out the first successful kidney transplant, a young woman in a deep coma, who was transplanted a cadaver kidney. This implant is practiced at the level of the elbow crease and they kept it hot with the lighted bulb from a lamp. The transplanted kidney secret urine the first day and second day stopped working, however, two days after resumed diuresis and is He produced the healing. In the year of 1950 in Chicago, is.

the first successful kidney transplant with intra-abdominal implantation. It was not until the year of 1954, when the first absolutely successful kidney transplant, carried out to transplant a kidney between twins.