Posts tagged as «society and culture»

The ingression in the public life was pretension of this classroom also, that would be being offered for the professionalizing schools what it left many people of low income without participation, therefore did not have conditions to keep its children in the schools. To the World-wide Organization of Turismo (OMT), the capacity of if acquiring ability must be transferred in efficient way to the workstation, thus presenting, a proposal where the education not with value in itself exactly, but as half of determination of success of a sector of economy (Barreto, Tamanini, Peixer. 2004). This is the debate that interests in them for the present work, since it seems to be the problematic greater of many areas of formation, also the tourism. A good professional education makes possible a greater and better development and income in any sector of work mainly when the professors are trained and enabled in efficient way. According to Matias (2005), the education encloses knowledge and experiences acquired for an individual during all the life, in the social relations and of work that are related of implicit form in the professional formation of each one. From then on it are established laws for an improvement in the bases of Brazilian education. The Law of Lines of direction established some half laws that emphasized the technician as one of the forms to not only show clearly the interest of economic groups of Brazilians, but also of foreign nations. Therefore, the first models of schools were seemed the one of the foreign schools. When pointing out the paper of the university, Barreto, Tamanini, Peixer (2004) affirm that this would have as function the one form to characterize and to enable professionals since whom it was not only of operational character, but that it had a basement theoretical and practical with a bigger complexity to be presented in the diverse levels of education.

All is known that the social construction and philosophical demand time and space to develop itself. Paradigm in addition does not happen of one day for the other; they are announced in uncurling of history. 1.3OBJETIVOS 1.3.1Objetivo Generality: To present the Historical Materialism Dialtico as methodology of social research and its contributions for the construction of knowing in Tourism. 1.3.2Objetivos Specific: – To raise philosophical and historical influences in the epistemologia of the Tourism – To think the estimated ones of the tourism as phenomenon historical partner. – To justify the importance of the theoretical evolution of the Tourism – To oppose the positivista thought and its influences in the scientific production. 1.4DELIMITAO the present research searchs the survey of estimated epistemolgicos of the tourism and its development, considering a philosophical reflection of its structures, based on methods of social research. The choice of the boarding and methods of research is on intrinsicamente to the subject of this work. The interpretation of the sources gotten to the light of the philosophy, psychology, fenomenologia, anthropology confers a vision humanist to the work, without losing the normatizao and scientific method, that allow the ticket of the knowledge, following the philosophical and social estimated ones adopted by the researcher.

MINAYO (2001) places the shock between epistemes of research, and sketches the necessity to reflect respect of the social research: Such reflection if becomes particularly basic for our object of study in this notebook, the social research. The enormous interrogation around the cientificidade of social sciences if unfolds in some questions. The first one says respect to the concrete possibility to deal with a reality to which proper we, while human beings, are agents. This order of knowledge would not escape radically to all possibility of objetivao? In according to place, it will be that, searching the objetivao proper of natural sciences, we would not be depriving of characteristics what has of essential in the phenomena and social processes, that is, the deep one felt given by the subjectivity? (MINAYO, 2001, p.11) the scientific production does not need to follow a laboratorial, experimental line to demonstrate its validity.

The courses of tourism and of would hotelaria must give to the students an ample vision to multidiscipline with interfaces that allow the interdisciplinaridade. Of this form, the pupil, when locking up the studies, would be prepared to face the professional activities that require dynamism and multiples knowledge (Ansarah, 2002, p 25). One notices that the necessity of modification of the curricular gratings will be able to form hand of workmanship capable to pass the diverse knowledge acquired during the academic life in any area offered for the tourism, in which the requirements asked for in the market could be supplied, but that, however, they must also prioritize the humanistic formation and critical capacity of this professional. The president of National Frum of the Courses of Turismo and Hotelaria, teacher Tnia Omena, affirmed that the development of the tourist sector led to an evolution of the related institutions of education to the area. Tnia still detached that it had increase of the publication production on tourism, also with the search biggest for research and statisticians, and that the professors have looked a bigger preparation for the classroom.

The teacher evaluated, however, that many of the 600 courses of tourism in the Country do not fulfill the requirements curricular and qualified professors do not have libraries nor. Of this form, the challenge of the educational institutions is to create a epistemolgica conception, that is, to take off the market character purely where this to know if transformed and to make with what the professor also directs the content for theoretical and scientific context of the tourism. The tourism professors must search constant specialization and construction of solid academic career, being that practical pedagogical basic they must be inserted in the such, classrooms as, quarrel of studies of cases, elaboration of integrated projects of research with others you discipline, epistemolgica conception of the tourism and related sciences, appropriation of the scientific methodology in its works, marketing vision by means of contact with tourism companies (BRUSADIN, 2007).