Posts tagged as «construction of life»

Now in DIY stores and markets of any city sold a lot of adhesives for attachment of cladding materials: all types of ceramic tiles and tiles of natural stone and marble, mosaics, etc. Tile adhesives can be divided into two groups: ready-to-use adhesive paste (putty) and dry sand-cement mixture. The first is a thick paste in a hard plastic buckets of different sizes). This tile adhesive is not to dilute or thicken enough to stir the contents well bucket, and then you can start laying tile. For bonding decorative ceiling tiles made of polystyrene, are generally used transparent polymer adhesive without filler, PVA-based adhesive or acrylic adhesive. Best are acrylic. They can be used to glue the tiles to any, including uneven surfaces.

Moreover, such adhesive immediately grasps connected surfaces and does not require additional fixation. Modern foreign manufacturers offer a special adhesive or mastic mixture, sold already ready to use either in the form of powders, require mixing with water. Most of them have a basis of different brands of Portland cement or white glue, and component. Depending on what kind of glue is used as an additive (water dispersion, acrylic or epoxy), distinguished by a mixture of speed, strength, setting and purpose: for interior walls in the kitchen and bathrooms, laying tiles, exterior basement, tiled slurry tanks and pools. Firms do not always indicate the composition and even the adhesive base mixture, so navigate to the often not very informative 'for outdoor work', 'fast-', etc.

Prefixes like 'super' generally remain on the conscience of the authors, a 'universal tile glue' is predominantly a mixture of epoxy resin, suitable for all types of work and standing in several times more expensive. The most extensive group tile adhesives represented by dry mixtures, which are complete with glue after the addition of water. The composition of such mixtures include mineral binder (different brands of cement), fillers (mostly quartz sand) and the modifying polymer additives, which give the glue various properties, depending on its use. Compared with the finished pastes and dry mixes are a number of advantages, in particular, they are distinguished by a higher mounted and possibility to use for the exterior. An important factor is the difference in price. However, and disadvantages of the dry mixes are also available. Let's say you started a renovation in the apartment of a recently built residential home. And if you decide to stick tiles with a cement mixture, you will be disappointed. As the walls of "baby" of the building will shrink during the first 8-12 months, tile will crack and fall off the walls. To avoid such troubles can be, if we use more flexible adhesive paste. In this case, the tiles will "sit down" as needed, along with the walls.

Air ducts and ventilation systems components are manufactured in accordance with design drawings, standards and specifications. Ducts of black and galvanized steel sheet hot-rolled (cold) diameter or larger in size by up to 2000 mm inclusive. produce spiral-welded or key-in rebate, spiral-welded or welded to the welding, and air ducts having a diameter or size greater by more 2000 mm – panel (welded, kleesvarnymi). Ducts of metal-made to fold, and stainless steel, titanium and its alloys, aluminum sheet metal and its alloys – for welding or seam. Flexible ducting made of aluminum and steel.

In the manufacture of welded duct with a longitudinal flare should be applied suture welding. Ducts are made of two classes: P – dense, H – normal. Sheet metal thickness of less than 1.5 mm should be welded lap, and a thickness of 1.5 to 2 mm – butt or lap. Sheet metal thickness greater than 2 mm shall be welded back to back. For welded joints and fittings and straight sections parts of the duct, made from black steel sheet hot-rolled (cold) and stainless steel, the following welding methods: – plasma – automatic and semi-automatic arc under layer of flux or inert gas – contact – roller – MMA.

For welding ducts made from sheet aluminum and its alloys, it should apply the following welding methods: – TIG automatic – consumable electrode – TIG manual – non-consumable electrode with the filler wire – gas. For welding ducts made of titanium and its alloys are used TIG welding consumable electrode. Ducts made of sheet aluminum and its alloys with thickness up to 1.5 mm should izgotav-Lebanon in rebate. The longitudinal folds of sheet metal ducts in the roof and stainless steel and aluminum sheet with a diameter or greater in size by 500 mm or more should be fixed at the beginning and end of the link duct spot welding, rivets.

Tree mass is used as a convenient building material, but wood has its negative sides, and: the material is flammable and prone to rotting. It turned out that, until now the methods that are 100% secured to the influence of the above factors are absent. But there is a set of measures which reduce the percentage of their occurrence. The flame, of course, causing the fire. How to protect yourself from it – is, above all, to take care of fire fighting measures. Conduct a reliable, high quality electrical wiring, here is best suited for advanced impregnation of brick and fire protection for the wood.

The process of decay is influenced by various microbes in the timber related to these conditions. For the decay condition is bad wood is dried. % Moisture such timber can be achieved with dried from winter to summer, subject to central Russia. It follows that if construction of the house, you should consider natural ventilation, the house and its construction details. Protecting wood from decay and the environment provides a waterproof roof and painted with water resistant paint material, and capillary moisture – sealing respectively. Therefore, it is advisable not to plant trees near the house, giving opacity and prevent aeration. Oh, and if such measures do not protect completely turns the wood from moisture, protect it with a modern antiseptic.

Antiseptic is divided into 3 groups: water soluble, which include trudnovymyvaemye, leachable, indelible, legkovymyvaemye, oily (Nevymyvaemye) organorastvorimye (nevymyvaemye). Antiseptics for wood, used to protect wood from decay, must meet the following requirements: be highly toxic (poisonous) in relation to wood destroying fungi, but to be human and animal friendly, long retain this toxicity, penetrate into the wood easily, does not degrade the mechanical and physical quality of wood is not finished and pasting utrudnyat timber. Antiseptics for water-soluble wood protection issued in the form of dry mixtures of salt. The main ingredient of insect control, destroying the wood in the stock of timber – the right way to store, maintenance of reserves in the desired position, as well as mandatory debarking of roundwood.

Special attention today in the domestic market worth facade paints. Indeed, much of the 'front problem' is solved exactly painting. All paint materials for facades, are protective and decorative coatings, ie, they must not only decorate the building, but also reduce the level of destroying its environmental influence. The main types of damaging effects of fronts: the variables temperature (in some areas, diurnal temperature difference reaches 40 C) and humidity variable, including sea fog sunlight (ultraviolet radiation), the wind, biological exposure (mold, fungi and etc.), industrial and environmental pollution, chemical and physical incompatibility of the material of the building and its coverage. Often these factors work together. The most powerful destroyers is, of course, variable temperature in combination with high humidity, air pollution and sunlight. The paint and the painted surface should approach each other, then their 'living together' will be a long and beautiful. Type surface in this alliance – which determines the value.

Mineral surfaces at low temperatures tend to gain moisture, and with an increase in – give it away as a couple. Therefore, the exterior paint to these surfaces must have a structure that does not pass water in the condensed phase, but to release it into gas (vapor), or pairs of tear film of paint. Paints that do not give a building facade to breathe, would provoke the moisture inside, which will lead to destruction of the mineral base. Often the old brick building, plastered thick cement plaster and paint-covered slabodyshaschimi, turn under the plaster in the soft ground. For mineral surfaces such as concrete is acceptable, not all water-based paints, as they 'pull' on the surface of alkali, obesschelachivaya the upper layers of the base. This contributes to the destruction of steel reinforcement, and may also lead to rapid fading of the coating. For wooden surfaces are the most important indicators of flexibility and waterproof paint.

To date, experts note that the timber has a positive effect on the general condition of man: psychological, emotional. It is believed that such species as pine, oak, birch and apple trees have property to give to man all his energy. These trees are like cherry, aspen, poplar, alder and opposite – absorb it. Trees that are "able" to give up their power, in parallel to have a positive impact on the human body as a whole. It is worth noting that most of today's wood windows are made of rock producer of such trees as pine, oak, at least – birch. Tree species that are able to give their energy, can relieve stress, restore nervous system, improve the tone. The psychological state of human color of the wood may also have an impact. Thus, the reddish color in nature is associated with danger, which is why wood is reddish hues enhances emotional excitability.

For some time it can lead to psychological discomfort. So that the windows of a mahogany – an attribute is expensive but not very useful. Bright shades of the same visually extend the space. In addition, yellow and orange hues of wood stimulate brain activity and improves mood. Plastic windows. For that plastic windows are beautiful and durable, for them to look after. Especially careful maintenance require frames.

They must first be protected from attacks. The fact that the mechanical action on Frame detrimental effect on the overall geometry of the profile, as for scratching, pitch plastic profiles are not repairable. To properly care for plastic windows, you need to buy special compounds that gentle way remove dirt from the surface of the window. As part of these liquids are also no abrasives, so the surface of glasses and frames will not be scratched as a result of purification. Wash plastic box recommended soft cloth. Windows made of wood. This view window does not need to wash. Removal of dirt must be carried out with moist soft cloth. It will also make better use of specialized cleaning products that are not will damage the integrity of the paint. An alternative means to care for wooden windows can serve as a means to care for furniture. The content of abrasives and acids is unacceptable for funds to care for wooden windows.

This house is not only unfit for life, but it is practically impossible to sell. So the first thing that needs to be done before purchasing the project – Get professional advice as to what is generally present architectural projects and how they continue to work with. We are happy to assist you in selecting the project and answer emerged questions. A second important condition – every project requires the binding and refinement. And we must be prepared for the fact that as a result of binding the original house plan may undergo significant changes, or even need to be abandon the project because build a house on the existing site will be simply impossible or extremely disadvantageous economically. In the revision, and "binding" of architectural design home includes the following points.

Basically this study features of the site: climate on the site characteristics of topography, soils, topography, orientation to the cardinal, as well as prospects for development in the neighborhood. Only thoroughly understand these details, you can decide on the validity of the project at the site. In Europe, long ago adopted a three-dimensional design, allowing the designer and, and the architect to work in one software product, which is several times reduces the number of errors and inconsistencies. So be aware – if you meet at first sight unreasonable prices for seemingly ordinary project, it is possible that he made on a modern software product. This also justified such a price. But it is much less likely to "punch" and incongruities. The house will serve you for decades only if you create it for the optimum conditions. After all, your house – a living organism and a part of yourself, and, therefore, to treat his "birth" should be as carefully. Architectural design – it's only a "fetus" at home, and all of its future development depends on your care, meticulousness, and patience.

Why? If you do not sverhestet, it is best to choose something in between, common, and then buy liked the picture, drag the furniture, change curtains, put a vase shape you like. If funds allow, it is better to order a special project company, they are now a lot, especially in large cities. It is worth it's expensive, but result justifies itself: a good designer will take into account habits, temperament, tastes, family owner of the apartment, help with the choice of materials and give information on where it will cost you less likely, and in which the firm is book repair (you have as much money, and you can not afford to think of such trifles as repairs. If the funds do not, you will have to recruit all of its aesthetic possibilities. It is quite possible, moreover, that Nobody better than you know what you want. In this case, let your imagination on a long voyage on the waves of dreams, and let his legs carry you through all possible shop on relevant topics. Buy a couple of logs on the interior.

Despite the fact that these journals of the road and their ideas are actually possible to implement only the wealthy, there are many ideas to help make your apartment into a real highlight. Walls Of course, hidden in the wall communication will create space for the vision and secure life. However, it will be very expensive, so you can choose to thin wires to sockets (I do not know what they are called correctly), but then have to choose the place laying the basis of what kind of coverage you choose for the walls. You can start up in the middle of the socket, if the walls are coated to the walls (so-called liquid wall), or, half walls treated with different kinds of materials. If the walls are papered with wallpaper, you have to lay down the socket, just above the baseboard, or on the floor.

Why replace glass in the windows? First of all, if it is broken. It's simple – to live with the broken glass as you uncomfortable – you need to change. Second, and here is not so obvious if you are constantly misted glass, with severe frosts frost formed on the glass, the flowers wither, and in general as something cold. Third, if the street was noisy and the windows do not provide sufficient sound insulation. Well, why change windows were defined, now we have understand what to put in his place? What are the windows? To begin with, the glass – is a construction of several glasses. Glasses come in different thickness, with a different cover, respectively, serve different purposes.

To be warmer to put windows with lots of cameras, or use glass with a special coating. That is, a two-chamber, or from I-crystal. To the room became quieter need a package with glass of varying thickness and ideally with double chamber. That is, for example, 6mm – 4mm – 5mm. Different thickness of glass to prevent the phenomenon of resonance and the sound will not work. What you need to order replacement glass? To do this you need to know its size. Width, length and thickness. The thickness of the glass is particularly important because, for each thickness of the core systems using different window glazing beads to secure the package in the frame.

So if you want to change the windows and lower costs financial or time – you can use the old glazing beads. Like most windows replaced? Ordered, delivered, and now you have a new double pane windows. How to replace him? First you need to remove the old windows. Carefully pry something sharp longest bead in the middle and pull it out, other glazing beads to remove it easier. Remove the glass and in its place insert the new one. Pay attention to the inner ear, after replacing glass must be in the same places. In reverse order, set glazing beads, the latter carefully drive a mallet. Double pane windows installed! And if you do not have time to deal with these issues on their own to call us – phone (812) 715-94-93. Our specialists will perform the replacement of glass in the shortest possible time accurately and efficiently.

When does self-installation of wooden windows – there is a lot of problems at each stage of work which may lead to loss of quality selected option window and a bad result. Blame the manufacturer of the master self-taught he can not, because any flaws in the installation – this is his handiwork. Let's look at why the issue of installation of windows so demand professional services? Maybe you can just consider some points and do all yourself? No matter how much we wanted to be self-reliant, as in Casco calculator, you should be able to face the truth. Imagine that removing the old window, you will experience the roughness of the walls, which, unfortunately, very often found in modern and old buildings? If you leave the problem unsolved, somehow vpihnuv new wooden box and sealed seams foam, you get not only the poor quality of the installation, but drafts mildew in the joints of windows and walls, and a host of other problems. In these cases the professionals do? They use special technology assessment of the window aperture, consider all the details, and install window so as to avoid any penetration of wind or water. Most of it seems very simple process of sealing joints of foam, it would seem, nothing could be simpler. But in fact this way of strengthening the window is not enough. Specialists may use special locking plates, guides, and other devices.

All technology professionals install windows you do not know, but the result will meet your best expectations. Experience shows that when self-installation of windows there is a lot of problems, the most serious of which is the need to repair a new window or full replacement. Agree, these expenses do not need anyone. And the desire to save money can result in ruin. Do not be afraid of a modest additional cost for a quality specialist installation of windows. It's worth it. Especially because many companies offer the services of professional installers are already included in the price window. Trust is important matter experts, then your windows will serve you faithfully for decades, delighting you with its reliability and beauty.

During this time, the breed becomes more friable and susceptible to treatment. Large parts of broken up, fine crumb, facilitating the process. After holding the slate is ready for further production. Grinder grinds raw materials mined in the powder, but that did not completely crush, re-enters the primary stage, forming a vicious cycle. Preparatory operations are completed and now you can easily create any shape and colors for the brick.

Initially formed slate powder, mixed with water to create yet shapeless brick paste. Then, using a press it is forced through the form, creating a brick block. At the same time cut off a layer of clay, which opens the top of the brick. All remains then again get into the press and re- used. If the received block have been roasted, you get the traditional red brick.

Further sintering at higher temperatures will give the clinker, which is more suitable for high strength and a sidewalks. Yet unbaked brick in the state, the designers give him relief by means of a roller and add pressed oxide minerals. The material is painted in desired color, you need to create various building masterpieces. Subsequently, the blocks are cut into bricks of standard size, and they formed the holes, making it easier to block. Once the form is created from a brick spontaneously begins to evaporate water. Material enters the dryer, and then baked. Binding technological step is quality control, which checks the manufacturer dimensions and fluid intake with a brick. Brick in necessarily have to absorb a certain amount of water to well absorb the mortar. This verification is performed by weighing a building material before and after placing it in a container with fluid. Once the check is, the party is packed into cubes and sent to consumers.

However, without specialist advice is necessary. In a specialty store or company can help you calculate the amount of film other building materials. And, last but not least, will help determine exactly what technical devices and accessories needed for normal functioning of the pond or other water facilities in a private garden. You need to pump – at least to be able to pump out water (for cleaning the pond or in the winter), and also recommended for periodic partial renewal of water. Choosing a pump for the pond, it is better to buy more powerful. Alas, buying low-power pump today, you'll have to buy new, when you think to buy water purification system.

Pay special attention to sealing all electrical connections. For reliability used in the garden a special outlet, ideally – radiorozetku to control both the pump and fountains, artificial lighting. This is a very handy thing, it can be connected and all garden lighting to could control the light and water, without leaving home. For immersion pump is desirable to acquire and mounting plate. It is important to buy quality hose designed specifically for the device structure of water, as ponds, and streams. If you intend to breed in ornamental fish pond, you'll need to get serious about water purification. There are ultraviolet lamps, filters, and complex systems of biofiltration. However, apart from biological treatment of water needed and accessories for cleaning the surface of the pond, where accumulated dead plant parts flown litter and leaves, fish wastes and other fauna, liking your pond.

This simple nets, and special scissors, forceps and pond, and very effective skimmers. And then there are vacuum cleaners and purifiers for water bodies bottom. Attention! When operating electrical devices, take care precautions. To equip the pond, use only equipment specially designed for such purposes and has safety certificates. Be sure to follow the operating instructions.