The companies have global strategies called organizacionais strategies, and functional strategies, related with each one of the functional areas of the organization. Complementing the idea, she affirms that ‘ ‘ The operation strategy has a target narrower it deals mainly with the operational aspect of organizao’ ‘ (STEVENSON, 2001, P. 31). This strategy this related with products, processes, methods, resources for the operation, quality, cost, lead teamses and programmings. So that they are efficient, this strategy of each function must be entailed with the organizacional strategy although the two to be formulated independently. 2.1.4 Productive capacity and its factors of influence. According to Stevenson author (2001), the capacity is the superior limit or the ceiling of position that an operational unit can support.

The operational unit can be a plant, a department, a store, or an employee. Some companies make this choice frequent, others make with baixssima frequency. To complete the idea, Moreira (2002) affirms that the decisions on the capacity are important, therefore influences in the future of the unit of production in what it refers to the planejamentos of the productive installations and necessities of man power and equipment. Second Stevenson (2001), in the choice of the capacity is important to choose one that does not demand of update. In the production processes that are involved only one product/service, it is more easy to define a capacity of the productive unit that it does not need the update demand.

The necessity of the capacity must adjust the situation under consideration. No measure of alone capacity always will be adjusted. ‘ ‘ We call capacity to the maximum amount of products and services that can be produced in a productive unit, in data interval of tempo’ ‘ (Moreira, 2002, p.149). Each productive unit has its productive capacity. Some times these productive units can work in its total capacity or can until working more than what its total capacity. In case that it is working above of the total capacity the basic reference were modified, therefore it is not possible to have capacity above of 100%. To measure the capacity, the following formula must be followed: NXQXM=Capacidade, where: N= Number total of employees. Q= How many hours per day each employee works M= How many assemblies is made for the moment employed x. Moreira (2002) cites the example of a department of the company who possesss 5 (five) employed that they work 8 hours/day, producing an amount of 20 assembly/employee hour/. Applying the formula, one meets that the capacity of this company is of 800 assemblies/day. NXQXM=Capacidade 5X8X20=800 assemblies/day. According to Stevenson (2001), many times the production controlling are involved more in the operational decisions of day-by-day of what in the decisions of the system project, being that these decisions possess parameters for the operation of the system. The effective capacity can be of project or. The project capacity is the definition of the maximum capacity that can be reached. The capacity accomplishes is the possible maximum production, considering one determined product, the programming difficulties, the maintenance of the machines, factors of the quality and so on. Some factors they are determinative of the capacity accomplishes. To explain and to complement, Moreira (2002) affirms that the factors that more influence in the capacity are: – Installation: The size of the unit of production is very important and is recommendable to leave a vacant space for future expanses.